The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has ordered all commercial banks and other financial institutions to ensure treasury bills are not sold to individuals and small firms from November 29, 2019.
What it means: The development means it is only big corporate organisations that would be allowed to do treasury bills investments. The banks were already notifying their customers of the new directive. But the existing treasury bills investments would be allowed to continue till the end of their maturity dates.
It is expected that operators would try to see if the November 29 deadline given for the implementation by the CBN could be extended, so as to create enough awareness.
The apex regulator’s move could also lead to an increase in savings deposits of the banks, attracting interest rates below what the treasury bills offered.
A source from the CBN, who pleaded anonymity as the bank would soon issue an official statement, said the move was to stop the mop-up of funds from the system through the treasury bills.
Why CBN gave the directive: He said, “Many people with huge cash prefer to keep their funds idle in treasury bills instead of investing the funds. Some people collect huge severance package, have huge funds but they have refused to invest the money.
“We want these funds to be useful in the economy so that they will be available in the banks and can be invested to create more jobs in the country.”
He added that the CBN had increased the Loan to Deposit Ratio of the banks from 60% to 65%.
Back story: Meanwhile, CBN had directed all banks to exclude individuals and local corporates from investing in Open Market Operations (OMO) auctions with effect from October 23, 2019.
In a circular signed by Director, Financial Markets Department, CBN, Angela Sere-Ejembi, and cited by Nairametrics, the banker insisted that participation of the financial institutions at the auction should be on proprietary and non-proprietary basis, without the participation of the investors mentioned above.
Good side of the directive: The development is expected to drive foreign inflows by restricting individuals and local corporate, leaving only the banks and foreign investors to participate at the auction.
On the flip side: There are concerns by some experts that the direction of the apex regulator is still unclear.
For instance, Comercio Partners Limited explained that its concerns remain the seeming unclear direction of the CBN with regards to monetary policy.
It stated, “This is a follow up to the circular released last week warning banks that all demand at auctions must be effective and fully backed by appropriate funding after observing high levels of unfunded bids at the OMO auction.
“Whether this is a move aimed at protecting the Naira, checking the excesses of banks or managing its OMO issuance cost, the move would certainly engender some level of uncertainty, which markets do not like.”